Figs are the fruit of the fig tree, whose origin dates back to 9000 BC. in Western Asia (Turkey). From there it spreads to all the countries of the Mediterranean.
Figs are the fruit of the fig tree, whose origin dates back to 9000 BC. in Western Asia (Turkey). From there it spread to all the countries of the Mediterranean.
The fig tree is a tree belonging to the moraceae family, and is found mainly in dry land rich in calcium. It is a tree that does not need practically any type of care. Its fruit, the fig or breva, is soft and sweet, and the tone of its skin will depend on the variety of the plant: black, purple or greenish.
The plant tolerates high and low temperatures very well, as well as drought. However, it is harmed by excessive water and humidity.
Dried figs are made from ripe fruits that are dried on the tree by the action of the sun. Once they fall from the tree they are collected on wooden pallets. Later they are washed with slightly salted water (with sea salt) and hot. Figs susceptible to presenting aflatoxins are then eliminated and the product is selected to eliminate foreign matter, units with defects or mould.
Figs are a good source of benzaldehyde, an anticancer agent. It contains flavonoids, iron, potassium, beta-carotene and high amounts of calcium. They are characterized by being good digestives, due to their fiber and cradine content, a digestive ferment. They are also rich in sucrose, fructose and glucose, and have a high energy power.
Dried figs are used as a dessert, in confectionery (fig bread), in various cooking recipes, sauces, salads, cookies, ice cream and jam.
The world’s largest producer of dried figs is Turkey, which has managed to commercially dominate the market for human consumption.